FILMS ABOUT WESTERN UKRAINE WILL BE SHOWN IN KHARKIV
From 4 to 18 October, Kharkiv will host cultural forum Transcending Borders: GaliciaKult. As part of the Forum’s cinema program, Dovzhenko Centre will show the citizens of Kharkiv and the guests of the event two films about Western Halychyna.
The program of Transcending Borders: GaliciaKult will feature over 80 cultural events: film screenings, concerts, dramatic performances, book readings, art exhibitions, lectures and discussions.
Schedule of Dovzhenko Centre activities during the Forum:
Thursday, October 6
18:00 – screening of the feature film The Stone Cross.
THE STONE CROSS
1968, UkrSSR, Oleksandr Dovzhenko Film Studio, 77 min.
Directed by Leonid Osyka
Written by Ivan Drach
Cinematographer Valerii Kvas
Music by Volodymyr Huba
Starring: Danylo Ilchenko, Boryslav Brondukov, Kostiantyn Stepankov, Vasyl Symchych, Antonina Leftii, Ivan Mykolaichuk
The night before the day when Ivan Didukh is to emigrate from Galicia, a burglar gets into his house. Ivan catches the thief and calls an overnight community court. By the morning Ivan forgives the culprit, yet his neighbors still decide to punish him. After this, Ivan sets a stone cross on a hill and goes off to say goodbye to his neighbors.
The third titan of Ukrainian “poetic cinema” after Paradzhanov and Illienko, Leonid Osyka, together with screenwriter-poet Ivan Drach, based his second feature film on two short stories by Vasyl Stefanyk, The Stone Cross and The Thief. This way, he was able to combine in a single work both the moral principles of Galician farmers and their difficult social situation that was forcing them to leave their homeland.
Thanks to its powerful visual expression, the film became one of the iconic works of the Ukrainian cinema of the 1960s. A still from The Stone Cross was used for the cover of the Ukrainian edition of one of the most famous books on Ukrainian cinema, History of Ukrainian Cinema by Liubomyr Hoseiko.
The film will be presented by Stanislav Menzelevskyi – Head of Research and Programming Department at Dovzhenko Center, culture expert and translator.
Friday, October 7
18:00 – lecture Sovietization of Western Ukraine in the Context of Film Policy. Read by Oleksandr Teliuk – research associate at Dovzhenko Centre, film critic.
Annexation of Galicia, Northern Bukovyna and Transcarpathia in 1939-1945 years by the Soviet Union was extensively represented in the Ukrainian Soviet cinema. Having captured a part of Poland, the Soviet authorities send 250 copies of Dovzhenko’s film Shchors to the region for propaganda work among the local population. Dovzhenko himself is commissioned to make a propaganda film about Bukovyna. At the same time, Western lands are beginning to appear in the plots of many new Soviet films. By looking at the films Deliverance (1940), East Wind (1940), Oleksa Dovbush (1959) and The White Bird Marked With Black (1970), we will examine the changes in the Soviet colonial rhetoric towards Western Ukraine.
19:00 – screening of the feature film The White Bird Marked With Black.
THE WHITE BIRD MARKED WITH BLACK
1970, UkrSSR, Oleksandr Dovzhenko Film Studio, 93 min.
Directed by Yurii Illienko
Written by Yurii Illienko, Ivan Mykolaichuk
Cinematographer Vilen Kaliuta
Production Designer Anatolii Mamontov
Starring: Larysa Kadochnykova, Ivan Mykolaichuk, Bohdan Stupka, Natalia Naum, Dzhemma Firsova, Alieksandr Plotnikov, Vasyl Symchych
In his third work, director Yurii Illienko explores the tragedy of a poor Ukrainian family of Dzvonars, living in the Carpathian Mountains near the Romanian border in the difficult times of war and terror (1937-1947). The four brothers play in the village band, but the fight between Ukrainian nationalists, supporters of the Nazis and followers of the Soviet power takes away one band member after another: Petro joins the Red Army, Orest – the UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army), while Bohdan stays at home. Yet the brothers’ fates intertwine both in love and in war.
At the heart of The White Bird Marked With Black lies a classical Ukrainian narrative in which a revolution becomes a point where individual and collective destinies converge and get transformed. Despite the censorship restrictions imposed on Illienko, the film impresses the viewer with its powerful directing work and brilliant acting. This poetic, expressive and deeply metaphorical film about social and personal conflicts in a time of war was highly praised at international festivals in Moscow and Sorrento.
The screenings and lecture will take place at the following address: Kharkiv, 13 Chernyshevska Street, ART AREA DK Cultural Centre.